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美國大學MPA和MPP區別分析

來源:互聯網2013年02月23日

       MPA和MPP有什麽區別呢?近年來去美國讀公共管理碩士(Master of Public Administration)和公共政策碩士(Master of Public Policy)的學生不斷增加,但是很多同學對于MPA和MPP不是很了解,下面明智慧德留學給大家分析一下美國大學MPA和MPP的區別。

  

       簡單來說,就是要你看相關大學的課程設置,不能單純從名稱來分別。事實上,由于美國大學的自主性很強,專業設置也是各家說了算,名稱也各一,比如說,類似的專業名稱包括Master of Public Administration,Master of Public Policy,Master of Public Affairs,Master of Public Policy Management,Master of Public Management等。下面以一些同時開設MPA和MPP的學校來舉例,給大家一些insightful perspective。

  

       首先,我們看看世界第一牛校哈佛大學肯尼迪政府學院的MPA和MPP項目區別,如下是官網提供的項目介紹:

 

  Master in Public Administration, MPA

 

  The two-year Master in Public Administration (MPA2) is a flexible program designed to enhance the knowledge and skills of established professionals and dual-degree students seeking further leadership responsibilities in the public, nonprofit, and private sectors.

 

  Prospective students interested in the MPA2 program are encouraged to review the prerequisites for academic and work experience prior to applying.

 

  Students admitted to the MPA2 are invited, in consultation with their advisors, to design an individual 16-course plan of study, constrained only by the requirement to fulfill distribution requirements in the three Harvard Kennedy School foundational methodological areas: analytics, management, and leadership, as well as a two-course Policy Areas of Concentration.

 

  Master in Public Policy, MPP

 

  The two-year Master in Public Policy (MPP) program provides future public leaders with the conceptual framework and practical skills necessary to succeed in public service.

 

  The MPP core requirements are built upon strong foundations in three methodological areas: analysis, management, and leadership. These requirements are designed to help students solve complicated and unfamiliar challenges — by asking the right questions, determining the nature and dimensions of the problem at hand, exploring the range of possible solutions, and assessing the capacity of public institutions to implement one or more of these solutions.

 

  Through the MPP core, students sharpen their powers of analysis and their knowledge base. They build the confidence and judgment needed to weigh competing demands and choose the most appropriate action. They become skilled at shaping effective and practical solutions and building consensus and ownership in support of those solutions. They learn to marshal resources within and outside of an organization, monitor and fine tune innovative policy solutions, and provide the transformational leadership that generates success.

 

  通過上述簡明扼要的介紹,我們可以知道MPA和MPP有什麽區別了:

 

  由于哈佛肯尼迪的傳統,培養目標是一致的,analytics, management, and leadership。

 

  從課程計劃的角度來講,MPA更靈活(flexible),而MPP的課程計劃要嚴謹一些。

 

  從招生群體來說,MPA面向的是有成就的專業人士與雙學位高材生(established professionals and dual-degree students),而MPP的招生群體則廣泛得多。

 

  通過上面對MPA和MPP有什麽區別的解讀,相信對于很多計劃申請美國MPA和MPP的學生可以參考上面的信息來提前做好申請美國研究生的准備和規劃。

 

       相信通過我們的介紹,您一定對美國MPA和MPP的區別有了了解,希望對想要申請美國MPA和MPP專業的同學們能有所幫助。如果大家還有相關的留學問題需要了解,歡迎留下您的聯系方式,我們的專業留學老師會和您聯系。

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